| 12 : 45 – 06 September, 2018 |
AgriNesture – a house designed by H&P Architects is a place of adaptive architecture which allows convergence of people while promoting agriculture.
Taking into consideration population growth and climate change effect on Vietnamese people, the architect’s designed a home and agricultural destination. Consisting of two main parts ; Frame and Cover – AgriNesture is a dwelling which aims to resolve the conflicting issues of rapid urbanization in cities. The expandable and modular nature of structure is designed to act as multifunctional space for all.
Concept idea – Modular expansion looks an oasis among the urban density
The ground floor houses a small outdoor courtyard, living, kitchen, dining, sleep area and stairs alongside a chicken rearing space. The floor accommodates additional sleeping space, worship, yoga area and double height space above the kitchen located on ground floor. The rooftop has vegetable garden and rainwater tank. Some parts of glass roof on the top floor filter in natural light to the spaces below.
Floor plans and sections – AgriNesture
Finished in rammed earth, brick and raw concrete, the rooftop has a small farm space aimed for sustainable agricultural practices. Aiming for ecological balance among the people, AgriNesture can be arranged in clusters amongst cities acting as urban relief.
AgriNesture block amongst its neighbours
Brick and rammed earth construction
From the Architects –
75% of Vietnam’s population now lives mainly on agricultural production in rural areas. However, rapid industrialization and urbanization in past 20 years has resulted in loss of millions of hectares of agricultural land. This has left nearly 3 million workers unemployed. Meanwhile, the country’s population has increased by more than 15 million people, which results in a high housing demand.
Impact of rapid urbanization and climate change on Vietnamese cities
This has then entailed massive waves of construction and sprawl land encroachments in rural areas and from other vulnerable communities. As a result, the living environment and natural habitat in these areas have been seriously contaminated and impaired. This has gradually disrupted relationship between Humans & Humans and between Humans & Nature in context of increasingly severe climate change. As such, the aim of the project is to build a house which helps promote agriculture and at the same time create jobs for local residents.
A community home
Solution – AgriNesture
The Frame and Cover
The proposed house is like a cube of earth cut out from a field. Inside this cube are many nooks of the nest connected to a section of field at the roof. Named as AgriNesture (Agriculture + Nesture), the house consists of two main parts: Frame and Cover.
Frame and Cover – Diagram
The parts can be used in many different vulnerable areas like rural, flooded areas, resettle and mentor low income areas. Clusters of these houses are arranged in variety of ways, creating peaceful area of population characterized with a – ‘Space for All’.
AgriNesture – Space for all, Cluster organisation
Home for All –
AgriNesture can also be used as a Home for all in the service of Education, Health, Community, etc. The two – storey frame (foundation, columns, floor, roof, stairs) are made of reinforced concrete which costs VND 150 million (USD 6,500). In case of extension, available empty spaces can be used or third storey can be built into a three-storey house.
A community dwelling amongst its neighbours
Double height ceiling and windows bring in natural light
The Cover (including walls, doors, and partitions) will be completed in accordance with different regions with friendly materials available in localities such as vines, rammed earth, bricks, etc. The house roof is a place for Agriculture where a system of rainwater collection, utilization as well as reuse of water is paid special attention. Users will directly participate in the process of building the house and will actively divide spaces subject to their own needs.
Second floor space and access to roof floor
Access stairs to all levels
Rainwater management diagram
In addition, they are also the ones to produce the cover materials appropriate with their local conditions. In this sense, the building process will help create jobs and shape Homes which promote Agriculture development. This shall bring ecological balance and economic stability for the population in vulnerable areas.
Double height void above kitchen space
A Human place
AgriNesture will be, therefore, a place of convergence, interaction, and adaptation of various local contrasts (natural vs. man-made, residence vs. agriculture, individuals vs. communities, etc.), thus enabling it to be not only a physical space but also a truly human place.
Individual block – AgriNesture
Project details –
Project Name – Agrinesture
Location – Mao Khe Town, QuangNinh Province, Vietnam
Architect Firm – H&P Architects | www.hpa.vn
Design team – Doan Thanh Ha , Tran Ngoc Phuong, Nguyen Hai Hue, Trinh Thi Thanh Huyen, Nguyen Duc Anh, Ho Manh Cuong
Project type – Residence, Community space, Agricultural center
Photography – © Nguyen TienThanh
Completion Year – January 2018
Construction Area – 49 sq. m. | Total floor area – 75 sq. m.
Cost – VND 150 million