| 16 : 30 – 21 March 2018 |
Israeli Architects Kimmel Eshkolot design Mount Herzl memorial in Jerusalem dedicated to the fallen soldier’s of the country as site for ‘grief and peace’.
Designed in collaboration with Kalush Chechick Architects, the core of the memorial is a curved, 250-meter long corridor composed of thousands of uniform bricks. The bricks having names of the fallen men and women engraved on its surface are all seamlessly arranged around the funnel shaped core. The semi buried building designed by Architect Kimmel is set in a excavated mountain has design features supporting sustainability.
The monument is on the list of 62 projects contending for the prestigious Royal Institute of British Architects’ 2018 international prize.
Made entirely from stone and concrete, the major portions of the memorial is lit by the natural light entering through the funnel. Its a first kind of memorial in which the country has commemorated the memory of all its fallen service people all under one roof.
Walkways around the funnel
From the Architects –
The Mount Herzl Memorial Hall is a unique place of commemoration. It’s raison d’etre is to be a memorial for all the fallen soldiers of the country, and thus contains all their names. It is a project of hope for peaceful times.
Site plan © Kimmel Eshkolot Architects
Set in a calm biblical scenery, but adjacent to the nowadays busy streets of Jerusalem, the space is isolated and quiet. It was excavated in the mountain to form an intimate space for both personal and collective experiences of commemoration. Above the hall, the mountain is reconstructed of curved topographies made of Jerusalem stone. An undulating funnel-shaped formation of bricks opens the excavated hall to the sky. Its irregular vortex shape floods the space with ever- changing natural light.
Central area of the light funnel
At the upper end of roof, spaced stone slabs are designed to allow air flow and natural ventilation through the roof. The names, engraved on stone bricks, form a long Wall of Names, which wraps around the funnel of light. Following a spiral ramp up the memorial, the wall is built of 23,000 stone bricks, each engraved with the name of a fallen soldier, his death date, and a light-candle to be lit every year on that date.
Engraving on the bricks
The design development of the funnel was done in consultation with the research team R.O.B. at the ETH, Zurich. It is constructed of uniform extruded Aluminium bricks, each CNC’d and marked to get it’s specific joints’ locations, to allow for the assembly on site of the irregular, unique structure.
The Memorial was planned as a monument, and as such, the design focused on creating a non-building that can function almost without any mechanical systems and be close to entirely sustainable. There are no air-conditioning or electrical ventilation systems. Natural air flow creates excellent temperature conditions using the funnel shape to expel hot air out of the upper end of the roof through spaced stone slabs, thus creating air flow that ventilates the place.
There is zero use of electricity for day-light. Natural light enters through the oculus and is subtly filtered through the funnel of light, flooding the space with pleasant light. Excavated in the mountain, the Memorial Hall obtains optimal thermal conditions. The structure’s thermal- mass, integrated within the earth, keeps a steady temperature. The exterior topography was cladded with light-colored Jerusalem stone, which protects the building from radiation.
Underground floor plan at -5.0 meters level © Kimmel Eshkolot Architects
Roof plan © Kimmel Eshkolot Architects
Sections © Kimmel Eshkolot Architects
Using local materials such as the Jerusalem-stone was a key element in the design process both for budget constraints and for sustainability reasons, aiming to integrate the building with the surrounding city of Jerusalem. It is intended to be unimposing from the exterior, and to echo the texture of the adjacent mountains and cemetery.
Wall of names
Project details :–
Project Name – Mount Herzl Memorial
Architect – Kimmel Eshkolot Architects | www.kimmel.co.il
Collaborating Architect – Kalush Chechick Architects | www.kchstudio.com
Lead Architects – Etan Kimmel and Limor Amrani
Design team – Etan kimmel, Limor Amrani, Liran Chechick
Project location – Jerusalem, Israel
Client name – Ministry of Defence – Families and Commemoration Department
Project type – Memorial, Monument, Arts and Culture center, Educational
Completion Year – 2017
Built up Area – 3000 sq.m.
Photography Credits – © Amit Geron Photography
Contractor – Green Construction Ltd.
Construction management – E.D. Rahat Engineering Coordination and Management Ltd. | Eliezer Rahat, Daniel Rahat
Structural – Haim & Yehiel Steinberg Structural Engineering
Design manager and coordinator – Eran Garber E.S.L Engineers
Lighting design – Amir Brenner Lighting Design
3D moulds manufacturer – XENOM