| 12 : 30 – 09 March 2019 |
Shougang blast furnace located in Shijing Mountain has been transformed into a museum and civic space by CCTN architectural design team.
Termed as ‘Museum of Regeneration’, the project was developed as a part of city’s overall planning and industrial changes. Due to urbanization and expansion plans, the Shougang Group’s infrastructure migrated to newer facilities leaving behind an old blast furnace.
Southern facade of the blast furnace
The reformation involved an addition of 49,800 sq. mts of space which include underground parking, open and underwater exhibition spaces, restaurant, plaza, museum and other civic spaces. All the spaces have been weaved together around the shoreline while some spaces are covered under earth.
From the Architect –
Shougang Group is the flag bearer of Beijing national industry, however, with the process of urbanization, the city’s overall planning and industrial structure is facing adjustments, and the industrial layout has also changed. It has become a historical necessity for non-capital core functions and excess capacity enterprises to migrate. With such a historical mission, Shougang has made an overall relocation, and the old factory area has also acquired the opportunity for historical transformation. How to awaken the vitality of the city and reshape the spirit of places has become a core social issue that design faces.
Bird’s eye view of the proposed development
Dialectic of “Void and Full”
In the philosophy system of Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi of Taoism, “Yin” and “Yang” mutually reinforce and neutralize each other while depending on each other. In Tao Te Ching of Lao Zi, it writes “To build houses, it is necessary to open doors and windows. Only after there are the void parts like doors, windows and walls can the house realizes its own function.” It illustrates the transformation relationship between “void and full”.
Engagement of urban life with the reformed blast furnace
In On the Equality of Things of Zhuang Zi, it writes “Does Zhuang Zhou become a butterfly or the contrary? Undoubtedly, there shall be some difference between Zhuang Zhou and the butterfly. This is just about transformation”. It further illustrates the philosophical idea of subject and object reversibility. Abandoned industrial remains of original process just offer infinite possibilities for civil use in future. Transforming ”void” into “full”, it is the enlightenment over the project from Taoism thoughts.
Dialectic of “Old and New” – Shougang blast furnace
As a matter of fact, The Museum of Regeneration of Shougang No. 3 Blast Furnace is the first regeneration project of blast furnace and ancillary facilities in China. The design presents the strategy featuring static protection and dynamic regeneration. “Seal up the old”, that is to modestly treat the industrial remains and save the urban unique memory of this land; “Remove the excessive”, that is to prudently remove the unnecessary buildings, open the dialogue corridor between industry and nature; “weave the new”, that is to build public space, embed functions to stimulate the vigor and grow into a brand new part of urban life.
Functional analysis diagram
This is a powerful catalysis; the static protection transforms into dynamic regeneration. Much potential is aroused from the eliminated traditional industry space due to design intervention. The discarded and obsolete “void” is reborn; diverse “full” of social life stands out vividly.
Spaces around the main blast furnace
Transformation between “Void and Full” – Shougang blast furnace
In the design, a parking lot is implanted at the bottom of the ancillary cooling pool of the blast furnace. In this way, it solves the general parking difficulty with industry remains. Through the underwater art exhibition hall placed together with it, people may dip into the lake to interpret the hundred year history of Shougang, to interact with the artwork in the exhibition hall, and also to have air dialogue with No.3 blast furnaces standing afar.
‘Seal up the old’ spaces
The City Plaza at the south part of the blast furnace provides site for various social activities. The Reporting Hall, Temporary Exhibition Hall, The Souvenir and The Public Restaurant which have the most interaction with society among the museum are all separated from the blast furnace itself and arranged along the shoreline independently. Such buildings provide the most possibility of social vigor spreading. The form of earth covered construction also sews up the space between the show pool and No.3 blast furnaces.
Location analysis diagram
‘Weave the new’ – Diagram showing introduction of the new spaces and interconnections
Urban exhibition hall –
A large amount of the original artistic space of the blast furnace is rendered into urban exhibition hall. The four service platforms with different elevation within the furnace awning and the original cast house platform work as the core space experience site, providing shocking industry remains experience.
Streamline analysis – movement around the spaces
Staircases along the core furnace
On the other hand, the six service platforms out of the awning furnish sufficient interaction space between human and nature, generating urban activities never appeared in this piece of land. Functions, such as over sky bar, show stage, new products release, science education, social interaction and cultural stage emerge in the air.
Open and closed exhibition spaces
Jingshuiyuan underwater exhibition hall in the show pool
The high-altitude platform required by the process presents strong multi-dimensional stereo city meaning. Diversified urban behaviors interweave with the original architecture organically through multiple routes. As a result, industrialization eventually transforms into urbanism.
Wall outside the underwater exhibition hall showcasing Shougang’s one hundred years’ history
In stock times of China, correction and change of the attitude towards industrial remains is also the transformation of urban attitude. The urban acupuncture type regeneration of Shougang Blast Furnace not only propels the vigor regeneration of urban life and entire park in large scope, but also positively responds to the original social issue.
Project Name – The Museum of Regeneration of Shougang No. 3 Blast Furnace
Architect – CCTN Design | www.acctn.com
Project location – North Part of Shougang Plant at Shijing Mountain, Beijing, China
Completion Year – Early 2019(to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Shougang)
Built up Area – 49,800 sq.m., where the aboveground part is 11,100 sq.m. and underground part is 38,700 sq.m.
Project owner – Beijing Shougang Construction Investment Co., Ltd.
Design & Management Team – Wang Shizhong, Liu Hua, Jin Hongli, Xu Yan, Chai Dewen, Dong Quanxi
Design unit – CCTN Design, Shougang CCTN, Shougang International Engineering Co.,Ltd.
Photography Credits – © Chen He
Mechanical and Electrical – Shougang International Engineering Co.,Ltd. + CCTN Design
Li Yang, Hou Junda, Yuan Wenbing, Chen Gang, Ning Zhigang, Yin Yonggang, Ji Yongping, Zhang Xiuzhen, Chen Xilei, Li Hongfei, Yu Lifeng + Zhou Le, Guo Facheng, Wang Chao, Sun Yue, Wang Xiangrong, Wang Meng, Zheng Hao, Li Yungen, Zhang Lixin, Hu Yangshuo, Cai Xiaohan, Yu Mingsong, Su Wenjing, He Zhiyong, Du Xing